Samoilov Nikolay Grigorievich
Aleshicheva Anna Vasilievna

The mental health of the individual, being the highest part of the human mind, is developed and structured as a result of the influence of society. The requirements for athletes are rapidly increasing, which is the source of the emergence of contradictions in the "society-personality-health" system and the reason for poor health. Therefore, a practically significant and urgent problem of sports science is the study of ways to ensure sports longevity and maintain health while justifying the mechanisms for mobilizing athletic performance. The aim of the study was to identify changes in personal qualities and the relationship between mental health components at different stages of sports activity, as well as building a model of the mechanism for mobilizing the athlete's mental and physical performance.

Research methods and organization The study involved 75 people practicing boxing, judo, sambo. These were highly qualified athletes - Candidates for Masters of Sports, Masters of Sports, Masters of Sports of International Class. Diagnostic methods: Freiburg FPI multi-factor personality questionnaire; Cattell’s 16-factor personality questionnaire; Questionnaire for the severity of psychopathological symptoms (SCL-90) and G. Ammon's I-structural test (ISTA).

Research results The research revealed that in a situation of uncertainty and even imaginary vulnerability and danger, the core component of the functional transformation of negative personal qualities into positive ones is the stressful effect of reality, its reflection in one’s mind, and the athlete’s conscious semantic assessment of his actions and their consequences. It leads to the creation of willpower, fortitude, and to an energy-informational upsurge.

Conclusion We have demonstrated relationship between personal qualities of an athlete that change at different stages of his sports activity. We have revealed the dependence of their activity on the constructive, destructive or deficit form and the manifestation degree, and their role in the mobilization of performance. We have found close correlation between different forms of aggression, anxiety, internal and external self-delimitation, which can have the exact opposite effect on the performance and mental functions of athletes.

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