Article

EFFECTIVENESS OF PERIODIZATION OF THE ANNUAL MACROCYCLE IN POWER TRAINING FOR GIRLS (0.76 Mb, pdf) Read
Authors:
Nikolaev Valery Timofeevich
Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Physical Culture
Educational organization: Mari State University, Yoshkar-Ola, Russia
Annotation:

Goal. To study the effectiveness of periodization of the annual macrocycle in power training for girls based on their individual characteristics of metabolism and changes in the metabolic process occurring in the human body with regard to the seasonal biological patterns.

Research methods and organization. The determination of the basal metabolism (BM), specific basal metabolism (SBM), and body mass composition of the students was carried out with the use of the ABC-01 Medass bio-impedance analyzer. The study involved 8 students from Mari State University and 8 students from fitness clubs in Yoshkar-Ola.

Research results. We have provided the research material of fitness training process with periodization of the annual macrocycle: the rate of musculoskeletal (MS) growth (September-February), the rate of body fat (BF) loss (March-June), and the stabilization period – maintenance of the achieved body state (July-August). The study revealed the increased rate of MS growth by 1.24 kg (6.48%) (P <0.05) in September-February and continuously increased rate of MS growth up to 1.86 kg (9, 73%) (P <0.05) in March-June, which indicates muscle hypertrophy. The research revealed the growing BF of girls by 1.50 kg (10.58%) (P <0.05) in September-February, and the BF loss by -3.12 kg (-22.01%) (P <0.05) compared to the initial September level in March-June. Growing BF of girls is explained by seasonal changes in metabolism and excessive energy intake from 400 to 600 kcal relative to the daily energy expenditure in September-February. Girls, creating a deficit in energy intake by 200-300 kcal per day, deliberately achieved BF loss in March-June.

Conclusion. Periodization of the training process in the power training macrocycle of girls and the control of correlation of energy intake and expenditure based on seasonal metabolic changes contributed to a statistically significant MS growth, BF loss and an increase in maximum strength.

Bibliography:

1. Adaptive hormonal changes in healthy women in different seasons / I. V. Radysh, T. V. Koroteeva, S. S. Kraiushkin [et al.] / / Bulletin of the Volgograd State Medical University [Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo meditsinskogo universiteta]. – 2011. – No.37. – P. 91-94.

2. Bio-impedance analysis of the human body composition / D. V. Nikolaev, A.V. Smirnov, I. G. Bobrinskaia [et al.]. - Moscow: Nauka [Science], 2009. - 392 p.

3. Vladimirskii B. M. Space weather and our life / B. M. Vladimirskii, N. A. Temuriants, V. Martyniuk. — Friazino: Century 2 [Vek 2], 2004. - 224 p.

4. The influence of season and the menstrual cycle phase of a woman on cardiointervalography settings / N. V. Voronova, A. Iu. Meigal, L. E. Elaeva [et al.] / / Ekologiia cheloveka [Human ecology]. - 2015. - №2. - P. 20-26.

5. Kozlov A.V. Planning of training load in powerlifting with consideration of the biological characteristics of female athletes’ bodies / A.V. Kozlov, A. A. Budarnikov, Iu. S. Zhuravleva // Academic notes of Lesgaft University [Uchenye zapiski universiteta Lesgafta]. - 2018. - №2 (156). - P. 101-107.

6. Kozlov, A.V. Power sports: sport training of female students: textbook / A.V. Kozlov, A. A. Budarnikov, T.A. Kaganer; Russian University of friendship of peoples. - Moscow: RUDN Publishing house [Izd-vo RUDN], 2016. - 86 p.

7. Krasilnikova V. A. Influence of climate features on the metabolism of indigenous inhabitants of Tyva / V. A. Krasilnikova, V. I. Khasnulin // Human ecology [Ekologiia cheloveka]. - 2013. - № 6. - P. 11-17.

8. Krasilnikova V. A. Seasonal changes in the metabolism of indigenous inhabitants of Tyva / V. A. Krasilnikova, V. I. Khasnulin // Human ecology [Ekologiia cheloveka]. - 2015. - №3. - P. 20-24.

9. Nikolaev V.T. Features of the training process of girls in power fitness based on bio-impedance metrics / V.T. Nikolaev / / Physical education and student sport from students’ point of view: proceedings of the IV All-Russian Conference on Science and Practice with International Participation [Fizicheskoe vospitanie i studencheskii sport glazami studentov : materialy IV Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem]. Kazan, November 16-18, 2018 / ed. by R. A. Iusupov, B. A. Akishin. – Kazan: Publishing house of KAZAN State Technical University [Izd-vo KNITU-KAI], 2018. – P. 382-386.

10. Nikolaev V. T. Training design in powerlifting on the basis of hormonal changes in girls’ bodies / V. T. Nikolaev, D. V. Zinovieva / / Physical education and student sport from students’ point of view: proceedings of the IV All-Russian Conference on Science and Practice with International Participation [Fizicheskoe vospitanie i studencheskii sport glazami studentov : materialy IV Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem]. Kazan, November 16-18, 2018 / ed. by R. A. Iusupov, B. A. Akishin. – Kazan: Publishing house of KAZAN State Technical University [Izd-vo KNITU-KAI], 2018. – P. 379-381.

11. Nikolaev V. T. Development of maximum strength and hypertrophy of the muscular system in younger athletes in powerlifting / V. T. Nikolaev / / "Virtual 32, part 2". Physical culture, sport and health / Mari State University; ed. by M. M. Polevshchikov. - Yoshkar-Ola, 2018. - №32-2. - P. 69-73.

12. Nikolaev V. T. Training process of female students during the first year of power fitness based on the bio-impedance analysis / V. T. Nikolaev / / Physical education and student sport from students’ point of view: proceedings of the V All-Russian Conference on Science and Practice with International Participation [Fizicheskoe vospitanie i studencheskii sport glazami studentov : materialy V Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem]. Kazan, November 29-30, 2019 / ed. by R. A. Iusupov, B. A. Akishin. – Kazan: Publishing house of KAZAN State Technical University [Izd-vo KNITU-KAI], 2019. - P. 539-541.

13. Chronophysiology, chronopharmacology and chronomedicine / N. A. Agadzhanian, V. I. Petrov, I. V. Radysh [et al.]. - Volgograd: VolGMU, 2005. - 336 p.

14. Everything you need to know about metabolism. Text: electronic. - URL: https://pikabu.ru/story/vsyo_chto_nuzhno_znat_o_metabolizme_6247291/ [portal] (access mode: 10.04.2020).

15. Caro J. F., Kolaczynski J. W. // Diabetes. — 1996. —Vol. 45. — P. 1455—1462.

16. Hasnulin V. I., Voytik I. M., Hasnulina A. V., Ryabichenko T. I., Skosyreva G. A. Some Ethnic Features of Northern Aborigines’ Psychophysiology as a Base for Survival in Extreme Natural Conditions: A Review // Open Journal of Medical Psychology, 2014. Vol. 3. N 4. P. 292–300.

17. Jequier E., Tappy L. // Physiol. Rev. — 1999. — Vol. 79. — P. 451—480.

18. Oosthuyse T., Bosch A. N. The effect of the menstrual cycle on exercise metabolism: implications for exercise performance in eumenorrhoeic women // Sports Med. 2010. Vol. 40. P. 207–227.

19. Smith M. J., Adams L. F., Schmidt P. J., Rubinow D. R., Wassermann E. M. Abnormal luteal phase excitability of the motor cortex in women with premenstrual syndrome // Biol. Psychiatry. 2003. Vol. 54. P. 757–762.

20. Vaiksaar S., Jürimäe J., Mäestu J., Purge P., et al. No effect of menstrual cycle phase and oral contraceptive use on endurance performance in rowers // J. Strength. Cond. Res. 2011. Vol. 25. P. 1571–1578.