Navigation

Article

INVESTIGATION OF THE PREPARATION AND INJURY PREVENTION STRATEGIES FOR YOUNG TRACK AND FIELD ATHLETES IN JAMAICA (0.66 Mb, pdf) Read
Authors:
Hylton Kamilah Safiya [term:field_otchestvo]
Associate Professor, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)
Educational organization: University of Technology, Kingston, Jamaica
Guthrie –Dixon Natalie [term:field_otchestvo]
Lecturer/Biostatistician, Masters of Science
Educational organization: University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica
Wright Nodley [term:field_otchestvo]
Research Assistant, Bachelor’s of Science
Educational organization: University of Technology, Kingston, Jamaica
Cooke Nevin [term:field_otchestvo]
Research Assistant, Bachelor’s of Science
Educational organization: University of Technology, Kingston, Jamaica
Annotation:

Th e aim of the research is to review track and fi eld training, care and rehabilitation programmes in Jamaican schools in order to characterize training regimes, injuries, and perceptions regarding the protocol for managing the care of student athletes. Methods and organization of the study: We collected qualitative and quantitative data from coaches and athletes about training, diet and injuries. We did a thematic analysis of the qualitative data, used descriptive statistics to analyze the quantitative data and the triangulation principle was then used to compare the data sets. Research results: We found that only 64.3% of athletes were pre-screened and discovered that hamstring injuries were dominant with shin and groin injuries also being common. The research also revealed that athletes ate poorly and coaches struggled with nutrition management, improper footwear and inadequate training surfaces. The conclusion: Th ese young athletes undergo an intense training protocol and this coupled with no identifi cation of pre-existing conditions, poor eating habits, and poor equipment make them susceptible to avoidable injuries. All coaches indicated gaps that require additional fi nancial support and training to rectify.

Bibliography:

1. Anderson S.J., Harris S.J. Care of the Young Athlete, American Academy of Pediatrics. 2009

2. Beck K.L., Swift R.J., Thomson J.S., von Hurst P.R. Role of nutrition in performance enhancement and postexercise recovery. Open Access J Sports Med. 2015, (6), pp 259-267.

3. Belli L , Cesanelli L , Nalocca J.M, Polzonetti V, Vici G. Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research. 2019, (13), pp.1-6.

4. Bennell K.L, Malcolm S.A, Thomas S.A, et al. Risk factors for stress fractures in track and field athletes: a twelve-month prospective study. Am J Sports Med 1996, (24), pp 810-818.

5. Bentahar, O., Cameron, R. (2015). Design and Implementation of a Mixed Method Research Study in Project Management. The Electronic Journal of  usiness Research Methods. 2015, (13), pp 3-15.

6. Brill P.A., Macera C.A. The Influence of Running Patterns on Running Injuries. Sports Med,  20, (1995), pp 365-368.

7. Burke L.M., Erdman K.A., Thomas D.T. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016, (116), pp 501-28.

8. Davis L.L., Kraemer H.C., Leon A.C. The Role and Interpretation of Pilot Studies in Clinical Research. J Psychiatr Res. 2011, (45), pp 626-629.

9. de Jong M.A.J.G., Koelen  M.A.,  Wagemakers, A. Study protocol: evaluation of a  community health promotion program in a socioeconomically deprived city district in the Netherlands using mixed methods and guided by action research. BMC Public Health. 2019, (19), pp 72.

10. Edouard P, Escudier G, Samozino P,  etal. Injuries in youth and national combined events championships. Int J Sports Med. 2012(33), pp 824-828.

11. Fridén C,  Frohm A, Kottorp A, Von Rosen P, Young A.H. Talented and injured: Injury perceptions, experiences and consequences in adolescent elite athletes, European Journal of Sport Science, 2018(18:5) pp 731-740.

12. Healey P.A., Huxley D.J., O’Connor D. An examination of the training profiles and injuries in elite youth track and field athletes. Eur J Sport Sci. 2014(14), pp 185-192.

13. Jacobsson J, Kowalski J, Timpka T, et al. Prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries in Swedish elite track and field athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2012(40), pp 163-169.

14. Jacobsson J, Kowalski J, Timpka T, et al. Injury patterns in Swedish elite athletics: annual incidence, injury types and risk factors. Br J Sports Med. 2013(47), pp 94-952.

15. Paul P.D., Watson M. D.. Incidence of injuries in high school track and field athletes and its relation to performance ability. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, (1987), 15(3), pp 251-254.