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INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE PROBLEM OF HUMAN PHYSICAL PERFECTION IN THE NORTHERN REGIONS OF RUSSIA (0.34 Mb, pdf) Read
Authors:
Guliaeva Svetlana Stepanovna
Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vice-Rector for Research, Professor of the Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Culture
Educational organization: Churapchinsky State Institute of Physical Culture and Sports, Churapcha, Russia
Dobrovolskii Sergey Slavich
Doctor of Pedagogy, Professor, Acting vice-rector for scientific work
Educational organization: Far Eastern State Academy of Physical Culture, Khabarovsk, Russia
Annotation:

The research focuses on the problem of human physical perfection in the North through the development and implementation of a regionally adapted system based on general, private and specific consideration of techniques, methods and conditions for the perfection of physical condition.

We obtained data that can solve the problem of the perfection of physical condition of a person living in the extreme conditions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), and thereby improve the quality of his life. We proposed the main ways of the perfection of physical education for various groups of residents.

The purpose of the study is theoretical and methodological justification of the regional system for the perfection of physical condition of diverse age residents of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) and practical confirmation of its effectiveness.

Research methods and organization. We have used theoretical and empirical methods of scientific research. The study was conducted in the central regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) from 2010 to 2019, covering a wide contingent of diverse age residents.

We have obtained the following research results:

- we have proposed a scientific concept that takes into account the patterns of the influence of the environment in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) on the human physical condition. The concept is the basis for the development of a regional system of physical education for the residents of all ages;

- we have determined the most significant motivational and value orientations of diverse groups of the republic residents in relation to their health, various forms and techniques of physical culture and sports activities;

- we have carried out original comprehensive studies and identified distinctive features of the psychophysical status of diverse age residents of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia);

- we have demonstrated the practicality of using the author’s system of the perfection of physical condition of diverse groups of residents of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) with consideration of ethnic and cultural traditions of the region, motivational-value, age-gender, climatic and geographical factors;

- we have developed and implemented an experimental methodology for the monitor and assessment of physical fitness of students, which allows to identify and assess qualitatively new patterns in the manifested motor abilities;

- we have designed national and regional programs and methods of physical education for preschool and schoolchildren based on the idea of increasing motor activity using original tools and methods;

- we have designed and implemented a physical education program in the national language for primary school students in secondary education schools of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia);

- we have developed and tested an experimental technique based on the idea of using low-intensity, but voluminous loads at low air temperatures to enhance the training effect on middle-aged and elderly residents;

- we have designed and implemented an original program of sports and recreation activities with the use of Yakut board games for a wide range of population.

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