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PROFESSIONAL HEALTH OF MODERN SCHOOL TEACHERS: STATUS, PROBLEMS AND WAYS TO SOLUTION (0.24 Mb, pdf) Read
Authors:
Manina Albina Zufarovna
Zotova Firuza Rakhmatullovna
Annotation:

The purpose of the research is to develop the content of a program for the formation of professional health, using the potential of physical activity, based on a study of the activity of modern school teachers in matters of health promotion.

Methods and organization of the research. Analysis and synthesis of scientific and methodological literature, questionnaire survey, methods of mathematical statistics. 126 teachers of secondary schools in cities of the Republic of Tatarstan were involved in the study.

Research results and their discussion. A questionnaire survey of modern school teachers revealed that only 25.4% of respondents systematically engage in physical education. Passivity in this matter is explained by the lack of free time and the high cost of physical education and health services.
A questionnaire survey of modern school teachers revealed their low self-esteem of health; diseases of the cardiovascular system predominate in the structure of morbidity among teachers; 53.17% of respondents have chronic diseases; 22.2% of teachers are registered at the dispensary; 40.4% of respondents are overweight.
Teachers have a passive attitude towards physical activity, explaining this by the high workload at work and at home, and the high cost of physical education and health services.
To ensure physical and mental well-being, almost half of respondents systematically use saunas and steam baths. 
At the same time, respondents practically do not use sanatorium-resort treatment during vacation, spa treatments, massage, psychoregulatory and breathing exercises, or health-improving diets. The results of the questionnaire indicate that many teachers lack a socio-psychological attitude towards using physical activity to develop their own health and, in general, the low prestige of health and insufficient awareness of its value.

Conclusion. Based on the analysis of scientific and methodological literature and pedagogical practice, studying the results of a questionnaire survey of modern school teachers, we have developed a comprehensive program “Healthy Teacher”, aimed at developing a value attitude towards one’s own health and the health of students, increasing their physical activity as a tool for promoting health, consisting of diagnostic, practical, informational and recreational blocks, which is currently being tested.

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