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Body composition of the athletes playing sports (0.32 Mb, pdf) Read
Authors:
Хафизова Гульшат Наилевна
Кандидат медицинских наук, научный сотрудник учебно-научного центра подготовки спортивного резерва
Educational organization: ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»
Губайдуллина Светлана Ильшатовна
Младший научный сотрудник учебно-научного центра подготовки спортивного резерва
Educational organization: ФГБОУ ВО "Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма
Asmanov Rustam Flyurovich
Sports doctor of the sports reserve training center
Educational organization: Volga Region State Academy of Physical Culture, Sport and Tourism; Kazan, Russia
Annotation:

The aim of this study is to identify the body composition of the athletes playing sports with bioimpedance method on the TANITA mc 908 multi-frequency scales. Materials and methods. The survey covered 59 male athletes aged 18 – 30: 11 badminton players, 12 tennis players, 19 football players, 11 volleyball players, and 31 healthy men who don’t play any sports. The following parameters were tested: height, weight, body fat percentage (BFP), body fat mass (BFM), lean body mass (LBM), muscle mass (MM), body mass index (BMI), basal metabolic rate (BMR), total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), intracellular fluid (ICF), segment analysis of muscle mass and subcutaneous fat layer. Results. The volleyball players turned to be very tall with the height of 195.21 ± 2.34 cm; they had proportionally higher weight values - 82.54 ± 2.2 kg, LBM - 74.59 ± 1.92 kg, MM of body - 38.18 ± 1.01 kg, arms (left - 4,46 ± 0,15 kg, right - 4,54 ± 0,16 kg) and legs (left - 11,79 ± 0,28 kg, right - 11,94 ± 0,26 kg). Body composition of tennis and badminton players were similar, but tennis players had significantly lower BFM - 7.48 ± 1.63 and left arm fat mass - 6.02 ± 0.93, as well as the higher percentage of TBW - 65.94 ± 0.87. The group of football players in contrast with other test subjects demonstrated lower BFM - 11.23 ± 1.27 kg, ECF - 16.33 ± 0.24 kg and a significantly high level of the protein component of the body - 14.79 ± 0.3 kg . Conclusion. The results of bioimpedance analysis obtained with TANITA ms 980 multi-frequency scales made it possible to reveal the body composition features of athletes playing sports. The described data of body composition in athletes can be used to control the adequacy of physical exercises, to predict sport results and to carry out selection for studied sports.

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