The article presents data from a study of maximum oxygen consumption in the two groups of young athletes (swimmers and playing hockey) and a control group of boys who are not involved in sports. To determine the maximum oxygen consumption cardiorespiratory exercise testing with automatic analyzers was selected. This type of research is the most accessible, informative and reliable for determining the aerobic performance of athletes, which is presented by maximum oxygen consumption. This study demonstrates significant differences in maximum oxygen consumption of male and female athletes specializing in swimming, female athletes specializing in field hockey, as well as boys, not involved in sports. The girls specialized in swimming relative and absolute values of the maximum oxygen consumption are higher comparing with girls playing hockey. Average maximum oxygen consumption of the boys in the study group is significantly higher than in the control group. However, the average values of the maximum oxygen consumption of boys, who are not involved in sport, were higher than the same indicator of athlete- girls. To achieve high levels of maximal oxygen uptake in children and adolescents it is necessary to resort to regular physical exercises, to consider the age, gender characteristics, as well as the specifics of the selected sport.
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