The issue of standards and regulation of training loads in recreational programs is a key challenge in the strategy of physical education for adult people.
The aim of the research: to determine permissible values and appropriate methods of the regulation of training loads in recreational exercise programs for women aged 45-65 and older.
Research methods and organization. We carried out the research in a rehabilitative group at the Physical Culture Institute. The study involved 65 women aged 45-65 and older with different physical activity experience. We assessed the health status of women in their age group.
We used the following research methods: study and analysis of scientific and methodical literature, pulse monitoring, exercise timing, bicycle ergometer test of physical capacity PWC150, pedagogical observation, educational testing.
Research results. Identification of training pulse for each participant of the training program is an essential methodical aspect. On the one hand, it makes it possible to individualize exercise loads, and on the other hand - to reveal its adequacy to individual capabilities. We used the Karvonen formula to determine individual permissible values of training loads for the participants.
We used exercise timing and heart rate indicators to determine the “pulse value” of specific exercises, their combinations, and the whole training session.
We identified the most effective ways to control training loads in recreational programs for adults, which provide the diversification of training program and its adaptation to the abilities of participants. A variety of approaches to load management provides an opportunity for their selection and diversification at different stages of long-term recreational training.
Conclusion. Long-term studies of the condition of women aged 45 years and older involved in physical activities revealed that specially developed methods of recreational training, load individualization and the use of appropriate regulation methods provide maintenance of the functional body state and motor abilities even in older people.
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