The article presents the effectiveness indicators of a brand new methodology developed by Kyrgyzstan. It focuses on application of outdoor ethnic games for the improvement of health status and endurance level of adults aged 50-55 in mid-mountain regions. The obtained results are applicable for the refinement of training process and the improvement of physical qualities of elderly people in special climate conditions.
We analyzed the indicators of physical fitness, physical status, adaptive potential and endurance of adults aged 50-55. The outcomes demonstrated effectiveness of using outdoor ethnic games for the improvement of health status and the deceleration of age-related changes in the studied group. The reason is that all ethnic games have an active impact on all muscle groups, develop motor qualities and raise endurance.
The purpose is to develop the methodology of application of outdoor ethnic games for the improvement of physical status and workability of persons of pre-retirement age in mid-mountain regions in Kyrgyzstan and to determine its effectiveness.
Research methods: anthropometry, physiometry (body length, body weight, heart rate, blood pressure); functional tests: Davydenko 6-scale momentum test (Cooper test); methods of mathematical statistics.
Results: In our research, we first identified the indicators of adaptive potential, the nature of adaptation, characteristics of functional state, physical status, and stamina level according to Davydenko 6-scale momentum test. We assessed the functional state of cardiovascular system according to the endurance coefficient. We used 12-minute Cooper test and monitoring of maximum oxygen consumption to identify the physical fitness degree of individuals of pre-retirement age who practice outdoor ethnic games in mid-mountain regions in Kyrgyzstan.
Conclusion. We carried out the comparative analysis of current functional adaptation status of men playing ethnic games. The first observation revealed the decrease in body functional abilities. The second observation revealed the tension of adaptation mechanisms in men and women. Both men and women had either medium or high physical status. The studied group practicing modern physical culture demonstrated the same results and the same physical status. Results of Davydenko test show the increasing fitness level in both groups. Functional indicators of studied groups demonstrate the intensification of cardiac activity. It provides sufficient functional capabilities at the cost of functional reserves. Level of physical capacity degree in studied groups: satisfactory, good and high. The index of maximal oxygen consumption demonstrate good health of people in both groups.
1. Baevskii R.М., Berseneva А.P. Introduction to pre-nosology diagnostics. Moscow The Word Publ., 2008. – 216 p.
2. Balsevich V.К. Human ontokinesiology. – Moscow, Theory and practice of physical cultue Publ., 2000, 275 p.
3. WojtekJ. Chodzko-Zajko, DavidN. MariaA. FiataroneSingh, M.D.; ChristopherT. Minson, ClaudioR. Nigg, GeorgeJ. Salem, JamesS. Skinner.Exercise and Physical Activity for Older Adults. Medicine & Science in sports & Exercise 2009 by the American College of Sports Medicine, рp. 1510-1530. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a0c95c.,
4. Grigorev N.N., Lutchenko N.G., Perevoznikova N.I. [Motor activity in daily life of elderly people]. Mezhdunarodnyi nauchnyi zhurnal “Simvol nauki” [The Symbol of Science international scientific journal] 2018, no. 5/2018, pp.118-121.(in Russ.).
5. Davis J. A. Anaerobic threshold review of the concept and directions for future research. – Med. Sci. SportExerc, 1985, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 6-18.
6. Juliana Souza de Oliveira, Catherine Sherrington, Louise Rowling and Anne Tiedemann Factors Associated With Ongoing Participation in Structured Exercise Among People Aged 50 Years and Older. In Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 2019, vol. 27, no. 5 (Oct 2019), pp. 739-745. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0231
7. Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Xiaopeng Ji, MaoChun Wu, Manman Li and Kun Li Physical Activity in Relation to Sleep Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in China. In Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 2018, vol. 26(4), (Oct 2018), pp. 647-654. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2017-0270
8. Kazin E.М., Blinova N.G., Litvinova N.А. Fundamentals of individual human health: Introduction to the general applied health science. Tutorial for students of high.inst [Ucheb. posobie dlia stud. vyssh. ucheb. zavedenii], Moscow, VLADOS Publ., 2000, 192 p.
9. Lapach S.N., Chubenko А.V., Babich P.N. Statistical methods in biomedical studies with the use of Excel, Kiev, Morion Publ., 2000.
10. Karasaeva, А.H., Abdyrakmanova D.О., Аrykova Ch.N., Dzhamankulov К.D. Ethnic games of Kyrgyz people. Tutorial for students of high. inst. [Uchebnoe posobie dlia studentov vuzov]; IP «Lapitskii», 2013, 316 p.
11. Кurzanov А.N., Zabolotskikh N.V., Kovalev D.V. Functional body reserves: monograph [Funktsionalnye reservy organizma: monografiia] / A.N. Kurzanov, N.V Zabolotskikh, D.V. Kovalev. – Moscow: Publishing House of Natural Science Academy Publ., 2016, 96 p.
12. Lutchenko N.G., Perevoznikova N.I., Grigorev N.N. Features of development and management of human potential. Vestnik vysshei shkoly [Higher school bulletin]. 2017, no. 3, Moscow, 2017, pp. 75-78.
13. Makarova G.А. Practical handbook for sport therapists. Rostov-na-Donu, Baro-Press Publ., 2002, 800 p.
14. Miguel A. Rivera1, Juan L. Martinez-Barreda 2, Thomas D. Fahey 3. 1University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico. 2. Hospital Civil de Culiacan, Culiacan, Mexico. 3 California State University, Chico, CA. Ghrelin Precursor Gene Variants and Fluid Intake in 10-km Runners Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 2012 – vol.44(5S), pp. 267-958. doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000417529.22755.ed.
15. Palibaeva Z.Kh. Features of utilization of physical culture and sport tools for rehabilitation and perfection of body reserve capabilities // Molodoi uchenyi [Young scientist].-2016.- №9. – p. 1164-1166; URL https://moluch.ru/archive/113/28846/ (access mode 15.08.2019).
16. Paula C. Fletcher and John P. Hirdes View More A Longitudinal Study of Physical Activity and Self-Rated Health in Canadians Over 55 Years of Age. In Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 1996, vol. 4(2), (Jan 1996), pp. 136-150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.4.2.136
17. Nikiforova G.S. Practical handbook on health psychology. St.Pet, Piter Publ., 2005. 350 p.
18. Smetanin А.G., Tilishevskii S.S. [Impact of physical culture on life expectancy]. Sovremennye tendentsii razvitiia nauki i tekhnologii [Current trends of science and technology development], 2016. – no. 11-8, pp. 125-127. (in Russ.).
19. Huang G, Shi X, Davis-Brezette JA, Osness WH. Resting heart rate changes after endurance training in older adults: a metaanalysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005. – 37 (8):1381- 6.139.