The purpose of the research is to study the possibility of predicting the development of aerobic endurance of athletes through a comparative analysis of the outcomes of genetic and computerized testing.
Methods and organization of the research. In our research, we used scientific and methodological literature, as well as the outcomes of competitive activity and genetic analysis of a particular athlete. The total number of survey respondents was 158 people including athletes (n = 85) and coaches (n = 73).
Results and discussion. Some authors find the relationship between the ability to develop and manifest endurance and the presence of the appropriate alleles of genes: ACE I, ACNT X, ACNT3 (RX, XX), ADRA2A, AMPDI C, PGC1A Gly, NFATC4, UCP2. Most studies reveal the relationship between the ACE gene and endurance supported by the I allele. Genetic foresight of the possibility of developing aerobic endurance of athletes can become the framework for the application of an individual approach in sport training, and contribute to the development of techniques aimed at the refinement of physical qualities. The modern approach to the coaching and competitive activities of athletes should include both genetic and functional studies of the human body.
Conclusion. Sport forecast cannot be based solely on genetic testing results. The presence of polymorphisms in one or more genes associated with sport activity is the platform for good performance in a particular sport, but the actual manifestation of genetic predisposition depends on many factors. These factors include nutrition, daily routine and competent organization of the training process, which requires a high level of theoretical and practical competency of coaches in the field of biomedical education.
1. Akhmetov, I.I. Molecular genetics of sports: status and prospects. Pedagogical-psychological and biomedical problems of physical education and sport [Pedagogiko-psikhologicheskie i medico-biologicheskie problemy fizicheskoi kultury i sporta], 2007, no. 5, pp. 88-104 (in Russ.).
2. Akhmetov, I.I. Evaluation of the total contribution of gene alleles to the identification of predisposition to sport activities. Theory and practice of physical culture [Teoriia i praktika fizicheskoi kultury], 2008, no .3, pp. 67-72 (in Russ.).
3. Baranov, V.S. Genetic passport is the basis of individual and predictive medicine. St. Petersburg, N-L Publ., – 2009. – 528 p.
4. Voroshin, I.N. The dependence of total endurance on the ACE gene polymorphism in athletes. Human physiology [Fiziologiia cheloveka], 2008, no. 1, pp. 29-131 (in Russ.).
5. Mosse, I.B. Molecular genetic technologies in elite sports. Science in Olympic Sports [Nauka v Olimpiiskom sporte], 2015, no .1, pp. 43-51 (in Russ.).
6. Ponomareva, OV Genetics in modern sport: scientific technologies for new achievements. Science of young people [Nauka molodykh], 2018, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 569-581(in Russ.).
7. Imanbekova, M.K., Zholdybaeva, E.V., Yesentaev, T.K., Mominaliev, K.T. Sports and genetics. Biotechnology. Theory and practice [Biotekhnologiia. Teoriia i praktika], 2013, no. 2, pp. 4-11(in Russ.).