The purpose is to identify the organization features of upgrade training of specialists in physical education and sports training in the EU countries on the basis of study of scientific and methodological literature, official documents and a questionnaire-based survey of specialists.
Research methods and organization: In our research, we used analysis of scientific and methodological literature; official documents, regulating the issues of upgrade training in various countries; questionnaire-based survey of employees of universities (academies) of sports in the EU countries. The questionnaire included seven open-ended questions concerning the participation of the state in the organization of upgrade training, the forms and content of upgrade training courses; the frequency of upgrade training courses for specialists in the field of physical culture and sports; organizations that implement upgrade training courses, and organizations that issue licenses and control these activities.
Research results and discussion. According to a questionnaire survey of employees of universities in the European Union, it was found that in most cases the state does not oblige sports industry specialists to take upgrade training courses. However, it is a condition for the renewal or confirmation of the coaching license. Such courses in the EU countries are organized by universities, government organizations, national sports federations, profit and non-profit organizations. In these countries, full-time training is preferred in the form of weekend courses of up to 16 hours. At the same time, there are longer upgrade training and retraining of up to 250 hours or more. In addition, there is an increase in the popularity of on-line training, which saves time and finances, while the student receives an on-the-job education. The programs of upgrade training courses in different EU countries are universal. Meanwhile the content of courses for highly qualified coaches is determined by the national sports federations.
Conclusion. The EU countries have accumulated a unique experience of organizing upgrade training courses for physical education teachers, coaches and sports managers, the use of which can contribute to improving the effectiveness of this process.
- Kalimullin A.M., Gabdulkhakov V. F. On strategic guidelines for the development of pedagogical education in Russia in the context of global changes. 2015. No. 4 (46). pp. 3-9 [Electronic resource]. Access mode: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp? id=25337243 (date of access: 25.02.2021).
- Katrovsky, A. P. Trends and features of the territorial development of higher education in the post-Soviet educational space / A. P. Katrovsky, V. P. Guba / / World of Psychology. – 2016. – № 1 (85). – Pp. 220-229.
- Mikhailova, T. V. Integration of modern sports education in the countries of the European Union / T. V. Mikhailova, E. A. Pavlov, V. P. Guba // Theory and practice of physical culture. - 2018. - No. 12. - pp. 95-98
- Tsalikova I. K., Pakhotina S. V. Scientific research on the formation of soft skills (review of data in the international databases Scopus, Web of Science) // Education and science. 2019. Vol. 21, no. 8. pp. 187-207. DOI: 10.17853 / 1994-5639-2019-7-187-20
- Bloom, G.A., Bush, N., Schinke, R.J., & Salmela, J.H. (1998). The importance of mentoring in the development of coaches and athletes. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 29, 267-289.
- Cushion C.J., Armour K.M,. Jones R.L. Coach Education and Continuing Professional Development: Experience and Learning to Coach/ QUEST, 2003, 55, 215-230.
- Cushion, C.J. (2001). Coaching research and coach education: Do the sum of the parts equal the whole? SportaPolis (September). Retrieved from http://www.sportsmedia. org/Sportapolisnewsletter4.htm.
- Fleurance, P., Cotteaux, V. (1999). Construction de l’expertise chez les entraîneurs sportifs d’athlètes de haut-niveau français [French expert coaches’ construction of expertise]. Avante, 5(2), 54-6.8
- Gilbert, W., Côté, J., & Mallett, C. (2006). Developmental paths and activities of successful sport coaches. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 1(1), 69-76.
- Gilbert, W., Trudel, P. (2001). Learning to coach through experience: Reflection in model youth sport coaches. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 21, 16-34.
- Herzig A., Lorini E., Pearce D. Social intelligence // AI & Society. 2017. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146–017–0782–8 (date of access: 20.02.2021).
- Irwin, G., Hanton, S., & Kerwin, D. (2004). Reflective practice and the origins of elite coaching knowledge. Reflective Practice, 5(3), 425-442.
- Jacobs F., Knoppers A ., Diekstra R., Sklad M.. Developing a Coach Education Course: A Bottom-Up Approach //International Sport Coaching Journal, 2015, 2, 178-186.
- Jones, R. L., Armour, K. M., & Potrac, P. (2004). Sports Coaching Cultures: From Practice to Theory. London: Routledge.
- Lemyre F., Trudel P., Durand-Bush N.. How Youth-Sport Coaches Learn to Coach//The Sport Psychologist, 2007, 21, 191-209.
- Robles M. M. Executive Perceptions of the Top 10 soft skills needed in today’s workplace // Business Communication Quarterly. 2012. № 75 (4). P. 453-465. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/1080569912460400 (date of access: 24.02.2021).
- Sisson L. G., Adams A. R. Essential hospitality management competencies: The importance of soft skills // Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Education. 2013. № 25 (3). P. 131-145. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/ 10963758.2013.826975 (date of access: 20.02.2021).
- Trudel, P., & Gilbert, W. (2006). Coaching and coach education. In D. Kirk, M. O’Sullivan, & D. McDonald (Eds.), Handbook of physical education (pp. 531-554). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Wright, T., Trudel, P., & Culver, D. (2007). Learning how to coach: The different learning situations reported by youth ice hockey coaches. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 12, 1-17.
- Yashin А., Bagirova A., Klyuev A. Designing entrepreneurial education in Russia: hard and soft skills // Ekonomski Vjesnik. 2018. № 31 (2). С. 261–274. Available from: https://doaj.org/article/a2eef4f441094082be088f68f831f6b0 (date of access: 14.02.2021).