Liakh Vladimir Iosifovich
Levushkin Sergey Petrovich

The purpose of the research is to carry out a literary review devoted to the study of the nature and development of coordination competence of specialists in the field of sports to create and improve the methodology for the development of coordination abilities (CA) of young and highly qualified athletes.

The research results. The physiological prerequisites for training coordination abilities of athletes are based on neurophysiological substrates, which have been revealed in more detail over the past decades using in-depth research methods. As a result, the origins of the neuroregulation of basic coordination abilities were determined. Various cortical centers, the cerebellum and the hippocampus are responsible for the manifestation of these abilities and their increase after targeted coordination training. The significance of different psychophysiological functions in the structure of CA depends on many factors: the complexity of CA, age, gender, individual differences, etc. 

Conclusion. The completed literature review allows us to objectify the data related to the physiological and psychophysiological foundations of targeted coordination training in sports. The results obtained not only on the basis of traditional methods of assessing psychophysiological functions, but also on the basis of the use of modern non-invasive research methods were analyzed. The data presented in the work include the involvement of neural regulation, proprioceptive input, cognitive skills and general trends in long-term adaptation to coordination training. The article outlines the significance of various psychophysiological functions (in sensorimotor, perceptual and intellectual spheres) that determine the manifestation and development of different CA.

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