Unal Türkçapar
Abdyrakhmanova Djiparkul Omushevna

Purpose of the research is to determine the levels of overcoming stress in sports by judo athletes.

Methods and organization of research. In this study, scanning method was used. This study has a descriptive and logical nature. It was carried out in Bishkek city of Kyrgyzstan in 2022. 134 judo athletes voluntarily took part in the survey. A demographic information form prepared by the researcher and a Sports Confidence Scale were used to collect data. The obtained data were processed using the statistical program SPSS 25.0. Using parametric tests on the data, t-test was used for pairwise group comparisons, ANOVA test was applied for comparing more than two groups, and Post Hoc Tukey multiple comparison test was applied to determine the differences between groups.

The research results and their discussion. There were no significant differences in the perceived continuous level of sports confidence among the judo athletes who participated in the study, taking into account the gender variable. Nevertheless, significant differences emerged according to the level of sportsmanship among professional athletes. In addition, significant differences in the perceived level of sports confidence among the judo athletes who participated in the study were found depending on their nationality. It is also important to note the significant influence of the experience in a given sport on the level of sports confidence, while the experience in sports activity has a positive effect on this indicator.

Conclusion. There were no statistically significant differences between the athletes participating in the research in terms of gender variable, but there is a statistically significant difference based on skill level among professional athletes. Differences in performance among athletes were also found depending on nationality, age and length of sports career, especially among those with 5-6 years of experience.

  • Altıncak F., Abakay U. Comparison of the levels of resistance to stress of individuals engaged in individual and team sports // Academic Social Research Journal, Year. – 2015. – Т. 3. – C. 333-345.
  • Aygün M., Öztaşyonar Y. The Confidence Characteristics of Ice Hockey Athletes
  • Bandura A. Self-efiicacy: The exercise ofcontrol. – 1997.
  • Bayköse N. et al. Is Self Talk of Athletes One of the Determinants of Their Continuous Sportive Confidence Level? // Journal of Education and Training Studies. – 2019. – Т. 7. – №. 2. – С. 192-197.
  • Bozkurt O. et al. Comparison of Sports Self-Confidence and Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Footballers in Turkey According to League Levels // Niğde University Journal of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. – 2012. – Т. 6. – №. 3.
  • Chi-der D. et al. Male and female basketball players’ goals orientation, perceived motivational climate, perceived ability and sources of sport confidence // Sport Journal. – 2003. – Т. 3. – №. 6.
  • Çetinkaya T. The relationship between athlete identity and continuous sportive self-confidence in team sports // Unpublished PhD Thesis), Gazi University, Ankara. – 2015.
  • Erdoğan N. G., Erhan S. E. Examining the relationship between sport imagery and sportive confidence of athletes interested in winter sports // International Journal of Exercise Psychology. – 2019. – Т. 1. – №. 1. – C. 15-23.
  • Jones J. G., Swain A., Cale A. Antecedents of multidimensional competitive state anxiety and self-confidence in elite intercollegiate middle-distance runners // The Sport Psychologist. – 1990. – Т. 4. – №. 2. – С. 107-118.
  • Jones G., Swain A., Cale A. Genier differences in precompetition temporal fattening ami antecedents of anxiety and self-confidence // Journal of Sport and Exercise psychology. – 1991. – Т. 13. – №. 1. – С. 1-15.
  • Kara T. et al. Investigation of Continuous Self-Confidence Levels of High School Students Interested in Team Sports or Individual Sports // Sportive Perspective: Journal of Sport and Educational Sciences. – 2017. – Т. 4. – №. Q1. – C. 56-62.
  • Karagün E. Self-confidence level in professional athletes; an examination of exposure to violence, branch and socio-demographic aspects // Journal of Human Sciences. – 2014. – Т. 11. – №. 2. – С. 744-753.
  • Karasar N. Reporting in research // Ankara: Nobel Publishing House. – 2009.
  • Kelsey R. Would you have a little more self-confidence // FC Erdemli Trans.) Ankara: Kahve Yayınları. – 2014.
  • Kitsantas A., Zimmerman B. J. Comparing self-regulatory processes among novice, non-expert, and expert volleyball players: A microanalytic study // Journal of applied sport psychology. – 2002. – Т. 14. – №. 2. – С. 91-105.
  • Konter E. Misconceptions and truths in sports psychology practices. – Dokuz Eylül Publications // Ankara: Dokuz Eylül Publications 2003. p. 7-37.
  • Krane V., Williams J. M. Cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, and confidence in track and field athletes: The impact of gender, competitive level and task characteristics // International Journal of Sport Psychology. – 1994. – № 25. – С. 203-217.
  • McKay, M. Fanning, P. Self-confidence. Proven Techniques to Demonstrate, Develop and Maintain Your Confidence. trans. Fatos Gaye Atay. Friends Publishing House, Ankara. – 2005. –С. 1-2.
  • McPherson S. L. Expert-novice differences in planning strategies during collegiate singles tennis competition // Journal of sport and exercise psychology // Journal of Sport & Eacercise Psychology. – 2000. – Т. 22. – №. 1. – С. 39-62.
  • Miçooğulları B. O., Kirazcı S. Adaptation of the scale of self-confidence in sports to the Turkish population // Journal of Sport Sciences. – 2010. – Т. 21. – №. 4. – C. 154-163.
  • Öztürk A., Bayazıt B., Gencer E. Investigation of problem solving skills and sportive confidence levels of judo players (Example of Trabzon Olympic Preparation Center) // Spormetre Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences. – 2016. – Т. 14. – №. 2. – C. 145-151.
  • Perry J. D., Williams J. M. Relationship of intensity and direction of competitive trait anxiety to skill level and gender in tennis // The Sport Psychologist. – 1998. – Т. 12. – №. 2. – С. 169-179.
  • Skinner B. R. The relationship between confidence and performance throughout a competitive season. – 2013.
  • Taylor J., Wilson G. S. Applying sport psychology: Four perspectives. – Human Kinetics, 2005. – С. 119-132.
  • Thomas O. et al. Types, sources, and debilitating factors of sport confidence in elite early adolescent academy soccer players // Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. – 2021. – Т. 33. – №. 2. – С. 192-217.
  • Vurgun N. Adaptation of the imagery in sports questionnaire into Turkish and the effect of imagery in sports on competition anxiety and sports confidence. – 2010.
  • Weinberg, R.S. and Gould, D. Spor ve Egzersiz Psikolojisinin Temelleri. Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık. 2015.
  • Yildirim F. Adaptation of Sportive Continuous Self Confidence Sub-Scale and examination of sportive continuous self-confidence in secondary education students in terms of various variables: дис. – Institute of Education Sciences. 2013.
  • Kocaekşi S., Yıldırım I.O. Investigation of Mental Endurance, Self-Efficacy Belief and Sportive Self-Confidence Levels in Wrestlers // International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research. – 2020. – Т. 6. – №. 2. – C. 392-406.