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Сагидова Светлана Александровна

кандидат биологических наук, доцент кафедры адаптивной физической культуры и безопасности жизнедеятельности sagidoff2007@yandex.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»

Мавлиев Фанис Азгатович

кандидат биологических наук, старший преподаватель кафедры медико-биологических дисциплин fanis16rus@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»

Назаренко Андрей Сергеевич

кандидат биологических наук, доцент кафедры медико-биологических дисциплин Поволжской государственной академии физической культуры, спорта и туризма Hard@inbox.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма» The goal is to assess the level of aerobic performance of the Paralympic basketball players in the pre-competition period. Materials and methods. The study involved 10 highly qualified Paralympic basketball players in wheelchairs (varying from Candidate Master of Sports to Master of Sports of the Russian Federation) and 14 athletes practicing athletics (medium and long distances) and sport orienteering, having sport qualifications varying from 1 category to Master of Sports of the Russian Federation. The test stand was represented with Cosmos Quasar Treadmill (for runners) and hand-held MONARK Ergomedic 891 ergometer E (for basketball players in wheelchairs) with a step-up load and Metalyzer 3B gas analyzer (Germany). The authors determined absolute and relative indicators of maximum oxygen consumption (MOC); ventilation threshold (VT) as indicators of aerobic-anaerobic transition; oxygen consumption (OC) at the moment of VT achievement; respiratory coefficient (RER); depth, frequency and respiratory minute volume (RMV). Results. The parameters of the respiratory minute volume and maximum oxygen consumption (both relative and absolute) in Paralympic basketball players are significantly lower, and they make up 43.3% and 55.4% of those of runners, which can be regarded as normal in our case, taking into account the specificity of their trainings and motor impairments. Wheelchair basketball players demonstrate a great spread of MOC indicators. The relative MOC values ranged from 18 ml / kg / min to 45 ml / kg / min, and absolute values from 1.14 l / min to 2.6 l / min. It can be considered as a consequence of the existing function disorders of the skeleto-muscular system, which at various levels limit the MOC achievement. Conclusion. It have been revealed that the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin level of wheelchair basketball players with traumatic spinal cord injuries correspond to those of healthy athletes at rest, but the parameters of respiratory minute volume and maximum oxygen consumption are significantly lower than in runners. Meanwhile among the weakest elements of the oxygen transport system of wheelchair basketball players there are insufficient velocity of oxygen delivery to the muscles, insufficient diffusion capacity and oxidative potential of muscles, and excessive accumulation of metabolites of aerobic glycolysis, which is common for healthy athletes as well. blood system, oxygen capacity of blood, the number of red blood cells, maximum oxygen consumption, aerobic performance, basketball in wheelchairs, athletes
  1. 1. Aizyatulova, E.D. Alteration of the maximum oxygen consumption of athletes skiers with Ser / Pro - 582 polymorphism existing in the HIF1A gene / E. D. Aizyatulova, A.V. Zharkov / Sport Medicine: Science and Practice. Materials of the X Sport-Med 2015 International Scientific Conference on the status and prospects of the medicine development in elite sports, dedicated to the memory of Professor A.V. Chogovadze. The second Conference on Science and Practice «Medical support of elite sports». Appendix № 4, 2015. – P. 3-4.

    2. Toma, A. I. Electroneurostimulation potential for individuals with spinal injuries / А. I. Toma, V. G. Ninel, I. A. Norkin, G. V. Toma, A. A. Smolkin / Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. – 2010. – № 2 (56). – P. 72-75.

    3. Moshonkina, T. R. Regulation of locomotor activity with epidural and percutaneous electrical stimulation of the spinal cord in animals and humans / T. R.  Moshonkina, P. E. Musienko, I. N. Bogacheva, N. A. Shcherbakova, O. A. Nikitin, A. A. Savokhin, A. N. Makarovsky, R. M. Gorodnichev, Yu. P. Gerasimenko / Ulyanovsk Medical Biological Journal. – 2012. – No. 3. – P. 129-137.

    4. Cheatwood J. L. Neuronal plasticity and functional recovery after ischemic stroke / J. L. Cheatwood, A. J. Emerick, G. L. Kartje // Topics in stroke rehabilitation. 2008. Vol. 15. P. 42-45.

    5. Pupyreva, E. D. The influence of experimental and natural hypoxia on the functional reserves of the body and physical performance of athletes : dis. thesis … cand. biol. sciences. – Ulyanovsk, 2011. – 23 p.

    6. Mavliev, F. A. Features of aerobic performance of athletes in conditions of nonspecific testing / F. A. Mavliev, A. S. Nazarenko, A.V. Orlov, Yu.V. Boltikov // Izvestiya TulGU. [Bulletin of TulGU]. Physical Culture. Sport. – 2017. – No. 3. – P. 111-115.

    7. Balykin, M. V. Alterations of the gas composition of blood and the processes of free radical lipid oxidation in myocardium during adaptation to physical exercises / M. V. Balykin, S. A. Sagidova, A. V. Zharkov // I.M. Sechenov Russian Physiology Journal . – 2015. – Volume: 101, No. 9. – P. 1007-1012.

    8. Sagidova, S. A. Influence of near-limit physical efforts on the processes of free radical oxidation and vascular reactivity of microcirculation / S. A. Sagidova // Science and Sport: Current Trends. – № 1 (volume 14), 2017. – P. 83-89.

    9. Popov, D. V. Human aerobic performance / D. V. Popov, O. L. Vinogradova, A. I. Grigoriev // Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences. – 2012. – P. 111.

https://sciencesport.ru/sites/default/files/%D0%A1.%D0%90.%20%D0%A1%D0%B0%D0%B3%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%2C%20%D0%A4.%D0%90.%20%D0%9C%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B5%D0%B2%2C%20%D0%90.%D0%A1.%20%D0%9D%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BA%D0%BE.pdf Sports physiology

Фудин Николай Андреевич

доктор биологических наук, профессор, заведующий лабораторией системных механизмов спортивной деятельности n.fudin@mail.ru ФГБНУ НИИ нормальной физиологии им. П.К. Анохина

Классина Светлана Яковлевна

кандидат биологических наук, ведущий научный сотрудник лаборатории системных механизмов спортивной деятельности klassina@mail.ru ФГБНУ НИИ нормальной физиологии им. П.К. Анохина The aim is to study the physiological characteristics of hypoventilation respiration in combination with physical exercises. Materials and methods. 26 young men, regularly engaged in physical training, took part in the survey. Test subjects were divided into 2 groups. The first group (14 people) was trained in hypoventilation respiration upon the experimenter's verbal instruction, the second group (12 people) was either trained in hypoventilation breathing but in combination with physical exercises. Before and after training in hypoventilation breathing, all test subjects took part in 2 similar examinations, where they were asked to perform exercises on a bicycle ergometer up to the breaking point (power 160 W). The condition of the test subjects was examined at rest and under stress testing. The ECG, pneumogram and volumetric parameters of external respiration were recorded. The saturation level of the arterial blood with oxygen was measured. Results. It has been shown that both hypoventilation respiration and hypoventilation respiration in combination with physical exercises turned to be impact techniques of high physiological efficiency. The method of hypoventilation respiration was more effective in terms of development of hypoxic resistance. It both refines physical performance of test subjects considering the tendency to increase the "physiological cost" and promotes activation of blood circulation and the "economization" of respiration. The method of hypoventilation respiration in combination with physical exercises turned to be more potent in terms of enhancement of physical performance of test subjects, but it made them increase the "physiological cost". It is also effective in terms of intensifying blood circulation, but the respiration becomes uneconomic - the vital capacity of lungs and pulmonary ventilation increase in this case. Conclusion. Hypoventilation respiration trainings in combination with physical exercises contributed to evident increase in physical workability of test subjects, and with additional study of the morphofunctional state of a locomotor apparatus, it can become an evidence-based medical and biological technology capable to increase the effectiveness of training and competitive activity of highly qualified athletes. sports, physical efforts up to the breaking point, hypoventilation training combined with physical exercises
  1. Fudin, N. A. Gas homeostasis (voluntary development of a new respiration stereotype) / Edited by K. V.  Sudakov). – Tula : «Tulskiy poligrafist», 2004. – 216 p.
  2. Solopov, I. N. Physiological effects of methods of targeted effect on human respiratory function / I. N. Solopov. – Volgograd : VGAFK, 2004. – 220 p.
  3. Fudin, N. A. Hypoventilation respiration as a means of increasing human physical performance in physical exercises up to the breaking point / N. A. Fudin, S. Ya. Klassina, Yu. E. Vagin // Theory and Practice of Physical Culture. – 2016. – N 12. – P. 55-57.
  4. Klassina, S. Ya. Physiological model of social coach-athlete interaction in the process of training on a velo ergometer / S. Ya. Klassina // Bulletin of new medical technologies – 2014. – V21, N3. – P. 122-126.
  5. Carpman, V. L. Cardiohemodynamics and physical performance of athletes / V. L. Carpman, Z. B. Belotserkovskiy, I. A. Gudkov, C. V. Khrushev, Yu. A. Borisova, B. G. Lyubina, R. A. Merkulova. – М : Soviet Sport, 2012. – 189 p.
https://sciencesport.ru/sites/default/files/%D0%9D.%D0%90.%20%D0%A4%D1%83%D0%B4%D0%B8%D0%BD%2C%20%D0%A1.%D0%AF.%20%D0%9A%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%81%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0.pdf Sports physiology

Хафизова Гульшат Наилевна

кандидат медицинских наук, научный сотрудник учебно-научного центра подготовки спортивного резерва khafizova.gn@gmail.com ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»

Губайдуллина Светлана Ильшатовна

младший научный сотрудник учебно-научного центра подготовки спортивного резерва gubajdullina_svetlana@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО "Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма

Асманов Рустам Флюрович

спортивный врач учебно-научного центра подготовки спортивного резерва asmanvrustam@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма» The aim of this study is to identify the body composition of the athletes playing sports with bioimpedance method on the TANITA mc 908 multi-frequency scales. Materials and methods. The survey covered 59 male athletes aged 18 – 30: 11 badminton players, 12 tennis players, 19 football players, 11 volleyball players, and 31 healthy men who don’t play any sports. The following parameters were tested: height, weight, body fat percentage (BFP), body fat mass (BFM), lean body mass (LBM), muscle mass (MM), body mass index (BMI), basal metabolic rate (BMR), total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), intracellular fluid (ICF), segment analysis of muscle mass and subcutaneous fat layer. Results. The volleyball players turned to be very tall with the height of 195.21 ± 2.34 cm; they had proportionally higher weight values - 82.54 ± 2.2 kg, LBM - 74.59 ± 1.92 kg, MM of body - 38.18 ± 1.01 kg, arms (left - 4,46 ± 0,15 kg, right - 4,54 ± 0,16 kg) and legs (left - 11,79 ± 0,28 kg, right - 11,94 ± 0,26 kg). Body composition of tennis and badminton players were similar, but tennis players had significantly lower BFM - 7.48 ± 1.63 and left arm fat mass - 6.02 ± 0.93, as well as the higher percentage of TBW - 65.94 ± 0.87. The group of football players in contrast with other test subjects demonstrated lower BFM - 11.23 ± 1.27 kg, ECF - 16.33 ± 0.24 kg and a significantly high level of the protein component of the body - 14.79 ± 0.3 kg . Conclusion. The results of bioimpedance analysis obtained with TANITA ms 980 multi-frequency scales made it possible to reveal the body composition features of athletes playing sports. The described data of body composition in athletes can be used to control the adequacy of physical exercises, to predict sport results and to carry out selection for studied sports. body composition, bioimpedance, athletes, football, badminton, volleyball, tennis
  1. Abramova, T. F. Morphological criteria – indicators of aptitude, general physical fitness and control of current and ongoing adaptation for training: educational guide / T. F. Abramova, T. M. Nikitina, N. I. Kochetkova. – M. : TVT Divizion, 2010. – 104 p.
  2. Dorohov, R. N. Sport morphology : tutorial for higher and secondary special institutions of physical culture / R. N. Dorohov, V. P. Guba. – M. : SportAkademPress, 2002. – 236 p.
  3. Korneeva, I. T. Bioimpedance analysis of body composition as a method of assessment of functional condition of junior athletes / I. T. Korneeva, S. D. Poljakov, D. V. Nikolaev // Theurapetic exercises and sport medicine. – 2012. – № 10 (106). – P. 30-36.
  4. Martirosov, E. G. Implementation of anthropological methods in sports, sport medicine and fitness / E. G. Martirosov, S. G. Rudnev, D. V. Nikolaev. – M. : Physical culture, 2009. – 144 p.
  5. Relevant problems of athletes adapting to extreme training and competition effects in high- performance sports. V. V. Erlikh [et al.] // Vestnik YuUrGU [YuUrGU bulletin]. «Education, health protection, physical culture» series. – 2013. – Vol. 13, № 3. – P. 130-134.
  6. Izaak, S. I. Monitoring of physical development and physical fitness: theory and practice / S. I. Izaak. – M. : Soviet sport, 2005. – 196 p.
  7. Implementation of integrated anthropometry method in sport and clinical practice: methodical recommendations / D. B. Nikitjuk [et al.]. – M. : Sport, 2018. – 64 p.            
  8. Kotova, E. A. Comparison of component body composition of athletes in various sports / E. A. Kotova // Physical culture and health. – 2012. – № 6. – P. 86-88.
  9. Morphofunctional features of athletes in cyclic and situational sports / F. A. Mavleev [et al.] // Scientific notes of P.F. Lesgaft University. – 2017. – № 2 (144). – P. 131-135.
  10. Bioimpedance method for determination of body composition / G. G. Ivanov [et al.] // Vestnik RUDN [RUDN Bulletin], Medicine ser. – 2000. – № 3. – P. 66-73.
  11. Bioimpedance analysis of human body composition / D. V. Nikolaev [et al.]. — M. : Nauka [Science], 2009. — 392 p.
  12. Kizko, A. P. Physical culture. Theoretical course : tutorial / A. P. Kizko, L. G. Zabelina, E. A. Kizko. – Novosibirsk : NGTU Publishing house, 2016. – 128 p.
  13. Safarova, D. D. Comparative characteristics of morphological parameters of runners’ body type according to distance specialization / D. D Safarova, B. Zh. Yadgarov, M. Sh. Ismailova // Science and sport: current trends. – 2015. – Vol. 8, № 3. – P. 39-46.
  14. Levin, V. S. Morphological characteristics of body composition of professional mini football players / V. S. Levin, S. S. Sokolov // Scientific notes of P.F. Lesgaft University. – 2016. – № 12 (142). – P. 73-76.
  15. Zolotarev, A. P. Football: methodological fundamentals of multi-year training of sport reserves : educational guide / A. P. Zolotarev, A. V. Leksakov, S. A. Rossiyskiy. – M. : Physical culture, 2007. – 160 p.
  16. Theory and methods of football : textbook / V. P. Guba [et al.]; ed. by V. P. Guba, A. V. Leksakov – 2nd ed., rev. and expand. – M. : Sport, 2018. – 624 p.
  17. Nikolaev, I. V. Fundamentals of techniques and methods of tennis instruction : tutorial / I. V. Nikolaev, O. N. Stepanova. – M. : MPGU, 2012. – 60 p.
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Белый Константин Владимирович

соискатель ученой степени к.п.н. snekot@gmail.com НИИ ФГБОУ ВО «Российский государственный университет физической культуры, спорта и туризма»

Эпов Олег Георгиевич

профессор кафедры теории и методики единоборств neg7564@narod.ru НИИ Спорта ФГБОУ ВО «Российский государственный университет физической культуры, спорта и туризма» Today there is a lack of research on quantitative characteristics of various aspects of sport fights in Kyokushinkai. In particular, there is no clear picture of the effect of fight maneuvering on the quantitative indicators punch techniques. The paper analyzes the dynamics of alterations of certain quantitative characteristics of fight techniques occurring during variations of fight style by highly skilled fighters who have been trained for many years using special training methods for maneuvering. The analysis covered the data obtained during the work of the fighters with a dynamometric bag. The survey resulted in obtaining data on alterations of the number of performed punches and the total accumulated "tonnage" of punches per unit of time, as well as on the average punch intensity when shifting from static to maneuverable fight style. The analysis made it possible to conclude that with active maneuvering: 1) there is a significant decrease in both the number of punches and the overall "tonnage" of punches per unit of time, and the proportion does not depend much on the weight category of the fighters; 2) the average punch intensity increases for heavy weight categories and decreases for light weight categories, with the dependence of variation close to linear. Some practical conclusions have been made as well. Kyokushinkai, karate, martial arts, maneuvering, fight, punch intensity, top-level fighter
  1. Beliy, K. V. Analysis of practical priorities in training athletes for competitive fights in Kyokushinkai and all style karate / K. V. Beliy, O. G. Epov // Proceedings of the All-Russian Conference on Science and Practice on children and youth sports and sports of highest achievements: E-book (PDF). – M. : GKU "TSSTiSK" Moskomsport, 2016. – P. 252-262.
  2. Beliy, K. V. Analysis of quantitative characteristics of Kyokushinkai combats of elite athletes / K. V. Beliy, O. G. Epov // Science and Sport: Current Trends. – Kazan. – 2018. – № 1 (Volume 18). – P. 14-20.
https://sciencesport.ru/sites/default/files/%D0%9A.%D0%92.%20%D0%91%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8B%D0%B9%2C%20%D0%9E.%D0%93.%20%D0%AD%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%B2.pdf Sports training

Вырупаев Константин Викторович

кандидат медицинских наук, директор vyrupaevkv@mail.ru ФГБУ «Федеральный центр подготовки спортивного резерва»

Антонов Денис Павлович

кандидат экономических наук, начальник организационно-методического управления denis_antonov@inbox.ru ФГБУ «Федеральный центр подготовки спортивного резерва»

Титова Наталья Александровна

начальник Управления инновационной деятельности 5natit@mail.ru ФГБУ «Федеральный центр подготовки спортивного резерва»

Найданов Баир Намдакович

кандидат педагогических наук, начальник отдела организации инновационной деятельности bnaidanov@mail.ru ФГБУ «Федеральный центр подготовки спортивного резерва» The system of sport reserve training determines success of a country in the international sport arena through meaningful reinforcement of national teams. The experts should pay particular attention not only to systematic efforts of the leading sport powers, but also to the analysis of Soviet system of sport training, which was considered to be one of the best in the world measured with «investing – outcome» scale for a long time. High competitiveness in the world sport, tough anti-doping regulations, problems of intensive sport training on the initial stages, absence of meaningful system of effective sport orientation and selection, degradation of health level, lower physical and psychic development – all these points justify the need for corresponding organizational, legislative and financial decisions of the government. Practice clearly reveals that only a comprehensive approach has successful long-term effect, including development and implementation of contemporary methods for training athletes, refinement of organizational and methodical activities aimed at children, adolescents, young boys and girls on every single stage of sport training. Renovation of the system of sport reserve training has become one of the priority tasks of public policy of the Ministry of Sport of the Russian Federation, and it is widely supported by the federal executive bodies, Russian Federation regions, national sport federations, public agencies engaged in physical culture and sport activity, as well as by vocational professional unions. renovation, sport training system, sport reserve, coach, athlete
  1. Bauer, V. G. Major problems of sport reserve training in Russia / V. G. Bauer. – M. : Vestnik sportivnoy nauky (Sport science bulletin). – № 5. – 2014. – P. 31-36.
  2. Isaev, A. A. Sport policy of Russia / A. A. Isaev. – M. : Sovetskiy sport (Soviet sport). – 2002. – P. 511.
  3. Letter of the Ministry of Sport of the Russian Federation dated 26.12.2017 № SK-VK- 10/10072 On providing unified approaches to the regulations of payments for employees of physical culture and sport organizations.
  4. Letter of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation dated 25.05. 2018 № 09-758 On meeting the requirements of the Order of the Ministry of Sport of the Russian Federation dated 27.12.2013 № 1125 On ratification of peculiarities of organization and delivery of educational, training and methodical activities in the field of physical culture and sport”.
  5. Federal Law of 04.12.2007 № 329-FZ «On physical culture and sport in the Russian Federation».
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Высоцкая Татьяна Петровна

старший преподаватель кафедры физического воспитания golubnichaya2010@yandex.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Российский экономический университет имени Г.В. Плеханова»

Шутова Татьяна Николаевна

кандидат педагогических наук, доцент tany-156@rambler.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Российский экономический университет имени Г.В. Плеханова»

Столяр Константин Эдуардович

кандидат педагогических наук, доцент кафедры физического воспитания kafedra_f@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Российский экономический университет имени Г.В. Плеханова»

Кузьмин Максим Александрович

кандидат психологических наук, доцент кафедры физического воспитания kuzmin-maxim@yandex.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Российский экономический университет имени Г.В. Плеханова» Solution of problems of social and psychological adaptation, public support of highly qualified athletes after sport career termination turns to be relevant. Objective: to elaborate scientifically based proposals on employment, education and social integration of career-ending athletes for their effective social adaptation. Research organization. The survey was carried out by Plekhanov Russian University of Economics in the form of an interactive questionnaire for top-level athletes. The authors interviewed 30 Russian national team members who left sports in the period from 2008 to 2018 years. Conclusion: the authors used foreign and domestic experience, sociological study of Russian national team members performing at the international level in order to develop proposals for social and psychological adaptation of top-level athletes. The following proposals were addressed to the Ministry of Sport of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation: 1) quota jobs; 2) vocational training and retraining; 3) financial benefits within 10 years after termination of sport career; 4) implementation of employment support for athletes; 5) elaboration of the mechanism for inclusion in social and educational activities; 6) variable models of psychological and pedagogical support for athletes terminating sport career; classification of psycho-pedagogical conditions of social adaptation of athletes; 7) a complex of medical and rehabilitation activities with recommendations for the Ministry of Health; 8) creation of favorable environment for vocational guidance and professional training during active presentation period and preparatory activities at training camps (on-site lectures and seminars, meetings, video conferencing); 9) delivery of university curriculum for various training profiles considering extended absences of athletes from classes; study and implementation of the experience of leading sport universities in Soviet period (sport faculty and Higher School of Coaches of GCOLIFK, Moscow, etc.) top-level athletes, adaptation, measures of social support, scientifically based proposals on labor, educational and social integration of athletes after termination of career
  1. Bezrukov, M. P. Theoretical and methodological foundations of social protection for athletes : method. recommendations / M.P. Bezrukov. – MGU of Service; Socio-Technological Institute. – M. : Trovant, 2002. – 47 p.
  2. Ivanov, I. B. Psychological counseling as a way to assist career-ending athletes: thesis dis. ... cand. psych. sciences / Ivanov Ivan Borisovich. – 13.00.04. – Spb., 2009. – 22 p.
  3. Makeeva, V. S. Model of social protection of top-level athletes / V. S. Makeeva, A. F. Kalashnikova // Srednerusskiy vestnik obshestvennykh nauk [Central Russian bulletin of social sciences]. – 2009. – No. 4. – P. 160-168.
  4. Nikitushkin, V. G. Social adaptation of career-ending athletes / V. G. Nikitushkin // Innovative technologies in sport and physical education of the younger generation : proceedings of IV Conf. on Scien. and Prac. with inter. participation – М., 2014. – P. 140-144.
  5. Khorunjiy, A. N. About the issue of social adaptation of top-level athletes / A.N. Khorunjiy // Theory and practice of phys. culture. – 2011. – No. 5. – P. 42-44.
  6. Shikhverdiev, S. N. Psychological support of athletes at the stage of sport career termination : monograph / S. N. Shikhverdiev. – SPb : [without publisher], 2011. -184 p.
  7. Martin, L.A., Fogarty G.J., Albion M.J. (2014), Changes in athletic identity and life satisfaction of elite athletes as a function of retirement status. Journal of applied sport psychology. No 26(1) pp. 96-110. doi:10.1080/10413200.2013.798371 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10413200.2013.798371?scroll...
  8. Sanders, G., Stevinson C. (2017), Associations between retirement reasons, chronic pain, athletic identity, and depressive symptoms among former professional footballers. European journal of sport science. No 17(10). pp. 1311-1318.doi:10.1080/17461391.2017.1371795 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28911275
  9. Stambulova, N., Jäphag U., Stephan Y. (2007), Athletic retirement: a cross-national comparison of elite french and swedish athletes. Psychology of sport and exercise. No 8(1). pp. 101-118. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.05.002 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1469029206000550
  10. Vickers, E. (2017), Life after sport : Depression in the retired athlete. PhD Sport Psychology student (Athlete Career Transitions). Book: Sports-Medical Journal.
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Иванова Ксения Семеновна

аспирант кафедры теории и методики гимнастики и борьбы ivan_pyataev@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»

Заячук Татьяна Владимировна

кандидат педагогических наук, доцент кафедры теории и методики гимнастики и борьбы tatyana-zayachuk@yandex.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»

Мавлиев Фанис Азгатович

кандидат биологических наук, старший преподаватель кафедры медико-биологических дисциплин fanis16rus@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма» The aim is to rationalize in theory and to test effectiveness of rotation refinement techniques of skaters at the stage of sport specialization. Materials and methods. The test group consisted of 19 athletes aged 10-11 years practicing single skating at the stage of sport specialization. The survey was carried out with the video analysis system, and it was focused on rotation techniques in single skating at the beginning and in the end of pedagogical experiment. Video materials were obtained and processed in the "Simi Motion 9.0.1" software environment. The authors determined the parameters of equilibrium functions by means of stabilographic test before (at rest) and after rotation exercises, as well as velocity and the number of rotations of skaters typical for this age; indicators of technical competence were determined in the basic positions of skaters at the stage of sport specialization in order to improve stability of an athlete’s body during rotations, to increase velocity of rotations and the number of rotations performed by skaters. Results. The authors developed and implemented ‘rotation refinement techniques in single skating at the stage of sport specialization’ into training process, and it consists of 6 parts. The efficiency of indicators of rotation quality was revealed for the experimental group at the end of the experiment. The results of the survey in the experimental group at the end of the pedagogical experiment are statistically important. On the basis of these techniques and of a number of pedagogical conditions for its implementation it is possible to significantly improve the stability of an athlete’s body during rotations, to increase rotation velocity and the number of rotations performed by skaters. All these aspects can arrive at improvement of competition results. Conclusion. Summarizing the results of the pedagogical experiment, we can conclude that implementation of rotation refinement techniques in figure skating at the stage of sport specialization results in better mastering the rotation techniques by skaters. Meanwhile further implementation of other research methods is required. rotations, single figure skating, the stage of sport specialization, indicators of stabilographic test and video analysis, velocity and the number of rotations of skaters
  1. Medvedeva, I. M. Figure skating / I. M. Medvedeva. – Kiev : Olympic literature, 1998. – 223 p.
  2. Mishin, Α. N. Jumps in figure skating / A. N. Mishin. – M. : Fizkultura i sport [Physical culture and sports], 1976. – 104 p.
  3. Mishin, A. N. Principle of development of basic model characteristics in multi-rotational jumps of a skater / A. N. Mishin, V. A. Shapiro, O. A. Chepurova // Education and training: theory, methods and practice. – 2016. – P. 334-342.
  4. Urlova, O. N. Development of special coordination abilities of young skaters at the stage of preliminary preparation : dis. ... cand. ped. sciences : 13.00.04 / Urlova O. N. – Khabarovsk, 2004. – 154 p.
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Павлов Сергей Николаевич

кандидат биологических наук, доцент Pavlov-Sergej@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»

Стромкин Александр Маркович

магистрант 1992alex.s@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма

Померанцев Андрей Александрович

кандидат педагогических наук ldclipetsk@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Липецкий государственный педагогический университет имени П.П. Семенова-Тян-Шанского»

Шашков Александр Анатольевич

старший преподаватель waa08@mail.ru ФГАОУ ВО «Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет» Purpose - The aim of the article is to identify the essential factors of integral training for the qualitative construction of the training process in rowing. Methods and organization of research. The research included the following methods: analysis of the protocols of official competitions, questionnaires, testing, correlation analysis with Bravais-Pearson parametric index, "Varimax" method of factor analysis. For the special physical fitness analysis the authors used the official Protocol of "Autumn starts" rowing competitions (indoor rowing) which was held on 5-9 October 2017 on the "Krylatskoye" rowing channel. Several different protocols of physical fitness competitions and testing results were used to assess the overall physical condition. Testing was carried out on 10 - 20 October in Zadonsk, Lipetsk region. Techniques were assessed by two experts according to the analysis of the video recording of the competition. The average score of two experts was calculated. Results. The quality of sports training in rowing depends on well-structured training programs with the consideration of each factor for successful competition activities. In the framework of the experiment 24 indicators of integral training of 29 highly qualified athletes were analyzed. As a result, it was revealed that the factors of integral training do not develop separately, but in different correlation with each other. Factor analysis made it possible to limit the investigated space of integral training variables up to 5 most significant factors, and also to interpret each of them. Conclusion. The survey resulted in determination of 300 coefficients characterizing the interconnection between the various aspects of integral training. The obtained coefficients made it possible to reveal the close cohesion between different variables of integral training. The authors managed to identify a number of coefficients characterized by a high cohesion (over 0.5) between the indicators of special training, as well as between the indicators of special and general physical fitness. rowing, factor analysis, integral training

1. Alekseeva, I. V. Factor structure of the special physical and technical fitness of sambo wrestlers of different age groups / I. V. Alekseeva, A. B. Petrov // Theory and practice of physical culture. – 2010. – No. 6. – P. 69-72.

2. Verkhoshansky, Yu. V. Fundamentals of special physical training of athletes / Yu. V. Verkhoshansky. – M. : FiS, 1988. – 331 p.: il. – (Nauka – sportu [Science to sports).

3. Rowing / Edited by I. F. Emchuk. – M. : FiS, 1976. – 245 p. : il.

4. Rowing : textbook for institutes of physical education, ed. by A. K. Chuprun. – M. : FiS, 1987. – 288 p. : il.

5. Kvashuk, P. V. Study of the factors determining sport result of highly qualified canoe paddlers / P. V. Kvashuk, G. N. Semaeva, I. N. Maslova // Scientific notes of P. F. Lesgaft University. – 2016. – № 3 (133). – P. 111-115.

6. Kvashuk, P. V. Factor analysis of the biomechanical parameters of  male kayakers/ P. V. Kvashuk, G. N. Semaeva, I. N. Maslova// Scientific notes of P. F. Lesgaft University. – 2015. – № 9 (127). - P. 114-116.

7. Korolkov, A. N. Assessment of general physical fitness with centroid method of core components for many variables / A. N. Korolkov // Bulletin of sport science. – 2013. – N 1. – P. 15-19.

8. Kravets, A. G. Age-related changes in the factor structure of physical abilities in young athletes / A. G. Kravets // Theory and practice of physical culture. – 1983. – No. 7. – P. 26-28.

9. Mikhailova, T. V. Rowing / T. V. Mikhailova, A. F. Komarov, et al. – M. : Publishing center "Akademiya", 2006. – 400 P.

10. Samsonova, A. V. Validity of factor analysis for problems solvation in the field of physical culture and sport / A. V. Samsonova // Materials of the final Conference on Science and Practice for faculty members of Lesgaft National State University of Physical Culture, 2005. – 2006. – P. 21-22.

11. Slautina, I. N. The factor fitness structure of female athletes of different profiles as the basis of the training process in rowing : dis. thesis … cand. ped. sciences / I. N. Slautina. – Moscow, 2006. – 23 p.

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Хажироков Валерий Ахиедович

преподаватель кафедры физической подготовки Северо-Кавказский институт повышения квалификации (филиал) Краснодарского университета МВД России In this article, we studied the relevant issues of refinement of practical striking techniques. Striking technique is one of the essential technical skills of law enforcement officers. The goal of the striking technique is to hit a certain point of the enemy and to bring him to a certain negative result with a view to maximizing withdrawal from combat capability. Therefore, the effectiveness of the striking techniques greatly depends on the ability to control rapid movements. Refinement of the techniques of blows and kicks and protection from them is carried out in educational fights with natural resistance of an assistant. For the most effective training of cadets and trainees in striking techniques and protection against them, it is recommended to use means, methods and forms of sport training that will have a favorable effect on their technical, physical and psychological fitness. In order to study striking techniques, it is necessary to master the whole set of parts of the action called technique elements, which are relatively important, invariable and sufficient for solving motor tasks. Skill development is a long process, which largely depends on the number of repetitions and the variability of performance of a motor action. And excellence is achieved through repetition. striking techniques, professional activity, refinement, cadets, trainees

1. Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia dated 01 July 2017 № 450 « On approval of Manual on physical training organization in internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation».

2. Afov, A. Kh. Exercises for development of special endurance in physical education practice of police officers // Science today: theory, practice, innovations : proceedings of XI International Conference of Science and Practice. – 2016. – P. 82-85.

3. Broev, A. Kh. Relevant issues of physical training of police officers / A. Kh. Broev // Research in the field of humanitarian and natural sciences: interdisciplinary approach and genesis of knowledge : Proceedings of International Conference on Science and Practice, Volga Region Scientific Corporation. – 2016. – P. 16-18.

4. Bulochko, K. T. Means and methods of implementation of exercises for development of physical qualities and motor skills: methodical recommendations / K. T. Bulochko, D. K. Bulochko. – L., 1979. – 85 p.

5. Glushenko, D. V. Physical training as a key part of professional training for internal affairs officers of Russia / D. V. Glushenko, M. A. Semikin, A. Yu. Pleshivtsev // Bulletin of Volgograd Academy under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. Volgograd : VA MVD Rossii. – 2014. – № 1. – P. 163-169.

6. Dottuev, T. I. Specifics of professional physical training of internal affairs officers / T. I. Dottuev // Development of research pathways in contemporary environment : collection of articles after materials of International Conference on Science and Practice. 2 parts. – 2017. – P. 29-32.

7. Kardanov, A. K. Issues of optimization of physical training organization for trainees studying professional training programs of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia / A. K. Kardanov // Modern scientist. – 2017. – № 3. – P. 149-152.

8. Kardanov, A. K. Certain aspects of physical training refinement in educational institutions under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia / A. K. Kardanov, V. A. Khazhirokov // Innovations and traditions in modern education, psychology and pedagogics : proceedings of International Conference on Science and Practice. – 2017. – P. 94-97.

9. Kodzokov, A. Kh. Features of physical training for students of higher educational institutions under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia / A. Kh. Kodzokov // Theory and practice of community development. – 2014. – № 21. – P. 280-282.

10. Meshev, I. Kh. Theoretical fundamentals of training in combat techniques for employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia / I. Kh. Meshev // Physical education and sports: relevant issues of theory and practice : a collection of research papers by participants of All-Russian Conference on Science and Practice. – 2017. – P. 119-127.

11. Ovchinnikov, V. A. Professionally significant physical abilities of internal affairs officers of Russia / V. A. Ovchinnikov, V. N. Galkin, A. Yu. Pleshivtsev // Bulletin of Volgograd Academy under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. – Volgograd : VA MVD Rossii. – 2013. – № 4. – P. 172-177.

12. Pleshivtsev, A. Yu. Tactics of application of combat techniques / A. Yu. Pleshivtsev // Refinement of combat and physical training for cadets and trainees in educational institutions of law enforcement agencies : proceedings of International Conference on Science and Practice. – Irkutsk : FGKOU VPO VSI MVD Rossii, 2013. – Vol. 1.– P. 180-182.

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Федорова Наталья Игоревна

кандидат педагогических наук, доцент, заведующая кафедрой спортивной медицины и АФК doc_fni777@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Смоленская государственная академия физической культуры спорта и туризма»

Бахрах Илья Исакович

доктор медицинских наук, профессор кафедры спортивной медицины и АФК doc_fni777@mail.ru ФГБОУ ВО «Смоленская государственная академия физической культуры спорта и туризма» The paper considers the structure and content of the competency-oriented technology of physical education for parents, intended for habilitation of children with intellectual disabilities using adaptive physical training at home. The main components making up the technologies of physical education for parents of children with intellectual disabilities are as follows: - the target component. It defines the knowledge of the purpose, objectives and pathways of teaching children with intellectual disabilities, as well as the knowledge of the generally accepted principles of adaptive physical culture; - an educational component. It includes the knowledge of the program-methodical support of adaptive physical education, principles, means and methodical tools of training motor activities of children with intellectual disabilities, as well as the ways to overcome them; - the procedural component. It is characterized by organizational forms and methods of physical training and developing practical skills in training motor activities; - the resultant component. It reflects the result of parents' participation in the process of habilitation of children with intellectual disabilities. In accordance with the purpose and objectives of the competence-oriented technology of physical education of parents, we developed the "Adaptive physical education of children with intellectual disabilities in the family" program. The results of the training cycle for parents of children with intellectual disabilities demonstrate that parents have obtained pedagogical competences, and they have started to deliver the habilitation of children at home. It can be assumed that the developed technology of participation for parents of children with intellectual disabilities, which can be carried out at home, will increase the effectiveness of habilitation of preschool aged children with intellectual disabilities. technology, competence, competence approach, habilitation of children with intellectual disabilities at home

1. Astafiev, N. V. The concept of additional physical education for mentally retarded schoolchildren : textbook / N. V. Astafiev, A. S. Samylichev. – Omsk, 2010. – 40 p.

2. Kukharchuk, O. V. Peculiarities of families growing up preschoolchildren with autism spectrum disorders / O. V. Kukharchuk, K. V. Ignatieva // Rehabilitation, habilitation and socialization: an interdisciplinary approach. Collection of scientific articles / ed. by O. E. Nesterova, R. M. Shamionova, E. S. Pyatkina, L. V. Shipova, M. D. Konovalova. – M. : "Pero" Publishing house, 2016. – 728 p. [electronic edition]

3. Ryapisova, A. G. Investigation of the effectiveness of the educational process in conditions of inclusive practice / A. G. Ryapisova, T. L. Chepel // Siberian Pedagogical Magazine. – 2012. – № 2. – P. 226-233.

 

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