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Compensatory-adaptation reactions of the cardiorespiratory system in the onthogenesis under the functional loadings


Ванюшин Юрий Сергеевич
доктор биологических наук, профессор, заведующий кафедрой физического воспитания ФГБОУ ВПО «Казанский государственный аграрный университет»
Kaf.fv.kgau@mail.ru
Образовательная организация: ФГБОУ ВПО «Казанский государственный аграрный университет»
Хайруллин Ранис Рафакатович
кандидат биологических наук, доцент кафедры физического воспитания ФГБОУ ВПО «Казанский государственный аграрный университет»

Образовательная организация: ФГБОУ ВПО «Казанский государственный аграрный университет»

Ключевые слова: cardiorespiratory system, physical efficiency, adaptation, ergometry loadings

Аннотация: Some kind of sport's features manifested not only in muscle loadings, but in maintaining a variety body position, on the background of which takes place the motor activity, and they can significantly affect to the autonomic function.The study of cardiorespiratory system by the complex of non-invasive research methods has led us to the next conclusion: this system can be considered as highest order effectory link of the functional system which providing body's adaptation to the various functional loads. There are next functional system's physiological determinants of effectory part: inothropic, chronothropic, vascular and reactions, which participation depends on the functional loads. Consequently, during performance with rising power of functional loadings shown the difficult adaptive relationships of the cardiorespiratory indicators, which point to the variety of responses. Also it is depends on age-gender features, sports and power of loadings.

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Сведения об авторах:

Ванюшин Юрий Сергеевич - доктор биологических наук, профессор, заведующий кафедрой физического воспитания ФГБОУ ВПО «Казанский государственный аграрный университет».

Хайруллин Ранис Рафакатович - кандидат биологических наук, доцент кафедры физического воспитания ФГБОУ ВПО «Казанский государственный аграрный университет».

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