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Hematological blood parameters of young men engaged in cyclic sports and sport games


Мартыканова Диляра Сафовна
кандидат биологических наук, старший научный сотрудник Учебно-научного центра подготовки спортивного резерва (УНЦ ТПСР)
dilmart@mail.ru
Образовательная организация: Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма
Мавлиев Фанис Азгатович
кандидат биологических наук, старший преподаватель кафедры медико-биологических дисциплин
fanis16rus@mail.ru
Образовательная организация: ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»
Ибрагимова Миляуша Якубовна
кандидат биологических наук, доцент кафедры биохимии, биотехнологии и фармакологии
milyaushayakub@rambler.ru
Образовательная организация: ФГАОУ ВО «Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет
Ахметов Ильдус Ильясович
доктор медицинских наук, директор учебно-научного центра технологий подготовки спортивного резерва ФГБОУ ВПО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»
genoterra@mail.ru
Образовательная организация: ФГБОУ ВПО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»
Жданов Ренад Ибрагимович
доктор химических наук, профессор
zrenad@gmail.com
Образовательная организация: ФГАОУ ВО «Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет

Ключевые слова: athletes, cyclic sports, sport games, football players, blood, erythrocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrits, average concentration of hemoglobin in erythrocytes

Аннотация: The purpose of the research: to investigate and to compare hematological parameters of 38 young men engaged in cyclic sports and sport games. Materials and methods. Twenty two hematological parameters of venous blood were assessed with the use of the «МЕК 7222 К» automatic hematological analyzer (Japan). Results. It was revealed that concentration of blood hemoglobin, hematocrits indicator and average concentration of hemoglobin in the erythrocytes of young men engaged in cyclic sports was significantly higher than the same parameters of athletes practicing sport games. The features of hematological profile of athletes engaged in cyclic sports demonstrate higher adaptive practicing sport games. It was found out that the average volume of erythrocytes and the average level of hemoglobin in erythrocytes of sport game players were positively associated with the level of sport qualification, while average concentration of hemoglobin in erythrocytes was positively associated with the number of years devoted to sport career. Conclusion. It was revealed that studied hematological parameters of groups of young men (cyclic sports, sport games, control group) stay within the limits of medical norms, but we marked significant distinctions at the comparative analysis. There is a necessity of development of standards of hematological parameters for various sport groups that will promote revealing of early traits of the overtraining syndrome on the basis of hematological parameters.

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