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New technologies in the educational process of children with mental retardation


Касмакова Лариса Евгеньевна
кандидат педагогических наук, доцент
Larunya72@mail.ru
Образовательная организация: ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»

Ключевые слова: children with mental retardation, physical education, extracurricular activities, physical well-being program, fitness programs, yoga fit, fit ball aerobics, outdoor and sport games.

Аннотация: Currently, the number of children with disabilities has surpassed the half a million mark. According to assessment of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation, the upcoming years will be marked with the growth of this indicator followed by the reducing number of residents, declining health indicators, and unfavored social situation in most Russian families. Adolescents predominate in the disability structure. In all age groups of children with disabilities, boys are playing the leading role (58%), the level of disability among them is higher than that of girls by 1.2-1.7 times. Analysis of the research results in recent years shows that the structure of children disability aged 0 - 17 is rather stable by nosological forms. Nervous system diseases, mental disorders (over 70% - mental retardation) and congenital developmental anomalies are the most frequent. Today educational institutions need implementation of new organizational forms of application of physical training means.

Список литературы:

1. Zotova, F.R. Effectiveness of the correction program of psychophysical health of adolescents with deviant behavior by means of physical culture and sports / F.R. Zotova, I.G. Gerasimova // Theory and practice of physical culture. – 2008. – №7. – P. 88-89.

2. Methodical recommendations «Application of new work forms on bringing people with disabilities into mass sports». – Moscow, 2015.

3. Mukhina, M. P. Physical education of children of school and primary school age in the conditions of pedagogical technology application / M. P. Mukhina // Omsk Scientific Bulletin. – №2 (66). – 2011. – P. 167-173

4. Popov, G. N. Problems of teaching children with mental retardation / G. N. Popov // Bulletin of the Tomsk State Pedagogical University. – 2012. – No. 3. – P. 63-67

5. Snesar, N. N. Physical education of children with mental retardation through outdoor games / N. H. Snesar // Bulletin of V. P. Astafiev Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University. – 2012. – No. 1. – P. 99-103

6. Shakurova, L.E. Using recreational aerobics in the process of development and correction of physical fitness and psychomotorics level of mentally retarded schoolchildren / L.E. Shakurova // Physical culture: upbringing, education, training. - 2009. - № 6. - P. 14-16.

7. Shakurova, L.E. Efficiency of the application of methods of organizing and holding classes on recreational aerobics for mentally retarded schoolchildren / L.E. Shakurova, Z.M. Kuznetsova // Theory and practice of physical culture. – 2009. – No. 6. – P. 90-91.

Касмакова Лариса Евгеньевна – кандидат педагогических наук, доцент; ФГБОУ ВО «Поволжская государственная академия физической культуры, спорта и туризма»

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