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Dynamics of adaptation of students of different gender to training conditions in a law institute


Maкeeвa Bepa Cтeпaнoвнa
доктор педагогических наук, профессор кафедры физической подготовки и спорта
vera_191@mail.ru
Образовательная организация: ФГКОУ ВО «Орловский юридический институт МВД Российской Федерации им В.В. Лукьянова»
Баркалов Сергей Николаевич
кандидат педагогических наук, доцент, начальник кафедры физической подготовки и спорта
barkalov2009@mail.ru
Образовательная организация: ФГКОУ ВО «Орловский юридический институт МВД Российской Федерации им В.В. Лукьянова»
Герасимов Игорь Викторович
кандидат педагогических наук, заместитель начальника кафедры физической подготовки и спорта
orui@mvd.ru
Образовательная организация: ФГКОУ ВО «Орловский юридический институт МВД Российской Федерации им В.В. Лукьянова»

Ключевые слова: physical development, circulatory system, vegetative regulation, physical training

Аннотация: The research is focused on the issue of efficiency of regulation mechanisms of circulatory system of students in preparation for future professional activity in the framework of adaptation to educational and physical training conditions in a law institution. The purpose of study was to define cadets’ adaptation to educational process and physical training in a law institution. Methods. The authors assessed the physical development indicators (growth, weight), functional condition of circulatory system on the basis of measurements at rest: heart rate, systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure. The following indicators were counted: average arterial blood pressure, economization coefficient, Kvaas coefficient, Kerdo index, the index of body weight and also the statistical data reflecting their dynamics and dispersion within experiment (deviation coefficient and variation coefficient). Results. Features of dynamics of physical development and circulatory system indicators of students of different gender within three years have been tracked, the dynamic analysis of circulation system indicators for different training years (1 and 3 years) has been held. The received results demonstrate increase in dispersion of indicators in every investigation phase. While indicators of physical development showed moderate changes, at the same time Kerdo index, Kvaas coefficient and economization coefficient of circulatory system varied significantly. In the third phase of investigation we detected the largest dispersion of the specified indicators meaning depression of efficiency of adaptation to educational conditions and physical training in a law institution. We determined the necessity of differentiation and individualization of physical training and exercise in order to cause the corresponding adaptation of an organism.

Список литературы:

  1. Akhmatgatin, A. A. Alteration of indicators characterizing a functional condition of students in the educational institution of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia during educational period / A. A. Akhmatgatin // Physical training of students of creative specialties : the collection of research papers. – Kharkov : HGADI (HHPI), 2009. – No. 3. – P. 3-10.
  2. A complex technique of management of physical workability of the students studying traffic police programs in a higher educational institution of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia : monograph / V. S. Makeeva [et al.]. – Orel : V.V. Lukyanov Orel Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, 2016. – P. 50.
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  4. Makeeva, V. S. Physical training of internal affairs officers for official service delivery in different external conditions : monograph / V. S. Makeeva [et al.]. – Orel : Orel Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, 2009. – P. 10-13; 19-23.
  5. Kérdö. I. Ein aus Daten der Blutzirkulation kalkulierter Index zurBeurteilung der vegetativenTonuslage /  I. Kérdö // Acta neurovegetativa. – 1966. – Bd. 29. – № 2. – P. 250-268.

Maкeeвa Bepa Cтeпaнoвнa (Makeeva Vera Stepanovna) – доктор педагогических наук, профессор кафедры физической подготовки и спорта; ФГКОУ ВО «Орловский юридический институт МВД Российской Федерации им В.В. Лукьянова»

Баркалов Сергей Николаевич (Barkalov Sergey Nikolayevich) – кандидат педагогических наук, доцент, начальник кафедры физической подготовки и спорта; ФГКОУ ВО «Орловский юридический институт МВД Российской Федерации им В.В. Лукьянова»

Герасимов Игорь Викторович (Gerasimov Igor Viktorovich) – кандидат педагогических наук, заместитель начальника кафедры физической подготовки и спорта; ФГКОУ ВО «Орловский юридический институт МВД Российской Федерации им В.В. Лукьянова»

 

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